A Quick Primer on Water Soluble Vitamins

What Are Water Soluble Vitamins?

This category includes Vitamins C, Folate or Folic Acid, and all the B-vitamins. Vitamins in this class are absorbed quickly and readily excreted, with minimal to no storage by your body.

An important exception is Vitamin B12, it is critical to many metabolic processes and therefore your body actually reabsorbs it in the part of the small bowel named the ileum. This is why it takes a long time to develop a B12 deficiency and why it is a somewhat rare deficiency in developed countries.

People with certain types of autoimmune processes such as pernicious anemia, longtime strict vegetarians, and those who have had a significant portion of their ileum removed or injured by inflammatory bowel diseases are more susceptible to B12 deficiency.

Safety and Toxicity of Water Soluble Vitamins

Yes, water soluble vitamins have a lower risk of buildup and toxicity, but you still can have toxic effects from certain ones:

Vitamin B6 can cause nerve problems (peripheral neuropathy) in very high doses. This happens at doses of 1000mg a day, which you can’t get from food alone. Rarely this can happen from as little 300mg per day.

High doses of Niacin (Vitamin B3) can cause flushing. This is not a toxicity, but actually a side effect. When niacin is used as a prescription medication for high cholesterol sometimes patients are advised to take aspirin with it to minimize this side effect.

Alcohol Misuse and Thiamine

Thiamine (B1) is very important for brain function and is often low in alcoholics. In fact, if anyone has even a question of possible alcohol abuse in the hospital they are often started on thiamine.

Alcohol use depletes your body’s Thiamine, and can lead to an irreversible psychosis known as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.

Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that together increase your risk for:

Coronary artery disease (heart attack)
Cerebrovascular disease (stroke)
Type 2 Adult Onset Diabetes

Recent research discovered that people with metabolic syndrome had lower levels of:

Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Vitamin B3 (niacin)
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

Biotin and Muscle Cramps

Biotin is a water soluble B vitamin also called vitamin H. A recent research study tried using Biotin on patients that were getting painful muscle cramps during dialysis, since these patients are low in water soluble vitamins:

Biotin supplementation of 1000mcg (1mg) per day reduced cramps promptly.

Vitamins lost in Kidney Injury or Dialysis

Water soluble vitamins can be lost during dialysis – patients are more likely to have low levels or be deficient of several water soluble vitamins, especially on the restricted dialysis diets.

A recent research article suggests that supplementation with the following vitamins may be helpful in persons with dialysis:

Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
Vitamin B9 (Folate/folic acid)
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

Everything You Need To Know About Vitamins And Minerals – Find Resources

You hear a lot about vitamins and minerals, but do you have any idea if you are getting what you need? You probably are, for the most part. There are times when we don’t however, and this direct us to a very interesting theory. My mom offered me a book she had read a while back, and it stated that those who don’t get the right vitamins and minerals each day might get sick easier and also might walk around with unusual cravings.

I read the book and it got me thinking about a teacher I had in seventh grade. This person was your classic teacher, even if he was not very animated. Many times he would eat the chalk he had in the classroom. Though we thought it was funny at the time, I never thought there was a reason why he did it. May be it had something to do with the amount of vitamins and minerals in his diet? I am not sure, but this book told me it was. It’s a fascinating theory. But would it makes us eat chalk if our body craves for vitamins and minerals it is not getting?

So this might explain why you crave certain foods. That’s certainly not as awful as eat chalk, but this could elucidate odd cravings, especially during pregnancy. Pregnant women require more vitamins and minerals than anyone else, and they must to be sure they get them. Do they have to ask for Italian dressing and hotdogs in the middle of the night if they aren’t getting the vitamins and minerals for themselves as well as what they need for their growing baby? I don’t know.

I {really don’t know if a lack of important vitamins and minerals might explain cravings, even though the man who wrote the book made some excellent points. What I do believe is that if you are dieting you deal with cravings every day, and perhaps if you make sure your amount of vitamins and minerals is what it should be might just stop a few of those crazy urges that make you over eat. Even though it’s just a theory, maybe if you make sure you take a daily vitamin it might help you to stop your cravings just in case it works. If you take up a diet plan that ensures you get the right foods each and every day, perhaps that, along with the vitamins, might give you the head start you need to keep on track. Just don’t eat chalk, ok?

Things To Consider When Evaluating Male Supplements And Vitamins

Are vitamins, minerals, herbs, and other supplements necessary in a mans diet? Do male supplements actually treat various conditions, such as prostate problems, impotence, and low libido? Are they effective for promoting general health and well-being?

In an ideal world, everyone (men and women alike) would get all the nutrition their body needs from food. But David Grotto, a former American Dietetic Association spokesperson, says that is wishful thinking, especially for men.

Male Nutritional Deficits

According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), men between the ages of 31 and 50 do not eat enough fruit and vegetables to meet the minimum dietary guidelines. Current statistics show deficits in all nutritional categories, except for meat and beans.

Men suffer various health problems as a result of nutritional deficits. Matt McMillen, writing for WebMD, says that four different nutrients — vitamin C, vitamin E, beta carotene, and multivitamins — were evaluated over a ten-year period. While individual supplements did not have measurable benefits for men, combinations can have a positive impact on health.

Multivitamins For Men

For example, vitamin C and vitamin E alone did not lower the risk of developing prostate disease or cancer. But studies indicate a combination of vitamins C and E, taken along with zinc and beta carotene, may slow the progression of an eye disease known as macular degeneration.

While individual supplements often fare poorly in clinical trials, multivitamins and combination male supplements can benefit mens health. Replicating whole food is nearly impossible in a supplement, but multivitamins that reflect food-based sources may help offset nutritional deficiencies.

Many doctors and dietitians recommend that men take a daily multivitamin to supplement their normal diet. However, Grotto reminds men that multivitamins “are supplements, not replacements.” Men should strive to get most of their nutrition from the food they eat.

Important Dietary Supplements

The best dietary supplements are those that are specially formulated for men. Since men get enough iron from the meat they consume, their multivitamin should contain little or no iron. A vitamin D and calcium supplement is a good addition to the multivitamin, as these nutrients keep their bones strong.

Herbs For Prostate Health

Natural herbs meet some of the specific needs of the male population. For example, prostate health and cancer are important health issues affecting men today. Male supplements that contain saw palmetto, red clover encourage prostate health. Vitamin B6, zinc, and lycopene (tomato extract) also promote a healthy prostate.

Male Sexual Health

Erectile dysfunction, also known as impotence, affects millions of men. Male supplements that balance a mans sex hormones, promote mental relaxation, and improve blood circulation to the penis are beneficial to treat this condition. Ginkgo biloba, tribulus terrestris, gotu kola, muira puama, and other botanical extracts are common herbal remedies for impotence. L-Arginine supplements are also helpful.

Together, these nutrients are more therapeutic than individual supplements taken alone. A good multivitamin — combined with a balanced blend of herbs and a healthy, balanced diet — provides the most effective nutrients for male health, general health, and overall quality of life.

By Utilizing Proper Nourishment And Taking Prostate Vitamins You Can Assist Your Body In Preventing Cancer!

The prostate is a walnut shaped gland found in almost all male mammals. In human beings, it forms a very important part of the male reproductive system as it is primarily responsible for the production of semen. It is situated just below the bladder, surrounding the urethra in a circular fashion. The prostate gland requires the male hormone “testosterone” for proper functioning and regulation.

With advancing age, testosterone production tends to decrease gradually; leading to the various problems associated with the prostate gland. Moreover, the prostate gland can be adversely affected by various factors like obesity, improper diet and pollution etc. The common problems associated with the prostate gland are detailed below.

1. Benign prostatic hyperplasia: BPH normally affects men older than fifty. It involves enlargement of the prostate gland making urination difficult and painful. In severe cases urination stops completely.

2. Prostatitis: Inflation of the prostate gland is called prostatitis. It varies in severity; with the more severe cases being treated with antibiotics.

3. Prostate cancer: Prostate cancer is responsible for hundreds of thousands of deaths annually. It is rarely diagnosed early as it is asymptomatic in the initial stages.

As the saying goes, preventing the above mentioned problems is much easier and safer then trying to cure them. According to experts, adequate intake of fluids, regular exercise and a wholesome vitamin rich diet are the sure-fire ways to maintain optimal prostate health.

Vitamins or vital amines are organic compounds which help the body in various ways, viz. convert food into energy, regulate the immune system, ensure bone strength etc. The specific prostate vitamins that help keep the prostate gland healthy are detailed below.

1. Vitamin E: Studies have shown that regular supplementation with vitamin E in its alpha tocopherol form, significantly reduces the risk of prostate cancer. It is a major anti-oxidant which delays cell death due to toxicity and oxidation. Vitamin E naturally occurs mainly in vegetable oils, leafy vegetables like spinach and dairy products.

2. Vitamin C: It protects the prostate gland from microbial infections. Regular consumption of foods containing vitamin C goes a long way in preserving overall prostate health. Since vitamin C has diuretic properties, it helps ease urination in BPH patients. It mainly occurs in citrus fruits, leafy vegetables, animal livers and dairy products.

3. Vitamin K2: A recent Japanese study has shown that daily supplementation with vitamin K2 (menaquinone) cuts the risk of prostate cancer by 35%. Vitamin K2 is found in most dairy and meat products.

In conclusion, eating a balanced and healthy diet containing all the above mentioned vitamins on a regular basis is the most logical and convenient way to keep the prostate healthy.

Know More About Some Of The Useful Vitamins

A person’s body requires a variety of supplements and foods for it to function in a good way. These include carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins to name a few, and they are all important for your body to work effectively. Solgar has realized this and it is has been its motivation to give its consumers health boosting products since 1947. The company deals with the production of minerals, herbal remedies and the Solgar vitamins, which have helped define the company’s quality health provisions.

These are a wide range of vitamins available from which many people can choose depending on what their health standards require. Below is a sample of the vitamins available -Vitamin A, Vitamin B, which can be further subdivided to B1(Thiamin), B2(Riboflavin), B3(Niacin), B5(Pantothenic acid), B6(Pyridoxine) and Vitamin B12(Cobalamin). The others are Biotin, Folic acid Inositol and Choline. Beta-Carotene, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K

The above stated vitamins are extracted from pure natural sources and Solgar company’s scientists, lab technicians and nutritionists boost their effectiveness. Each particular vitamin is responsible for a specific nutritional additive to your body. You can view all the products and their specifications on Solgar online so as to identify the right choice for you. You can for example use carotene if you wish to boost the immunity of your body and reduce the chances of contacting the common body infections.

You can use vitamin A to help develop good vision especially at night, in helping the growth of teeth and strengthening and developing the bones. It also assists in the growing process for body cells. Each vitamin supplement has its particular usage depending on the needs of the person who needs them. These remedies and supplements are also well packaged in bottles which contain the product’s identification and specification on how to use them. It has been 60 years now of offering the best products to the people and this provision is now moving towards a new digital age away from Manhattan where it all began. This is as a result of the company expanding it network and now Solgar UK deals with the distribution of the supplements and products in the United Kingdom. You can also conveniently buy Solgar online and have it delivered on the quickest time possible.

The company has placed public safety and health in the forefront of research and production of the final natural vitamins. There is a group of qualified and dedicated staff which uses the most modern production and lab equipment.

Men’s Health And Potassium Supplements

Should someone supplement Potassium? Potassium is a key ingredient to maintaining a healthy heart, muscle function, kidneys, nerves, and your digestive system. While certain foods naturally will provide the potassium levels most women and men need, there are select individuals who must have much more than what can be processed through eating like those without potassium issues. A potassium supplement is necessary for those who have either temporary or permanent deficiency that deplete their body of potassium, such as: being dehydrated, having vomited while sick, diarrhea, inflicted with kidney disease or gastrointestinal disease and from having fluids sweated out from your pores (heat stroke, sweat, dehydration, diarrhea, etc.), from vomiting (the 24 hour flu, bulimia, as a result of another condition), or because of having a disease, like Gastrointestinal disease, etc. Potassium supplements are specifically made to to restore or thwart potassium deficiencies.

Is there an ideal time to take your potassium supplement? The timing of your potassium supplements is depends on the kind of potassium you are currently taking, as its dosage and how often it is taken varies greatly. That said, however, potassium supplements are often taken two to four times per day, and most of the time with food. Your local druggist will help you if you should have any question or trouble creep up in relation to your supplements.

How should someone best take a potassium supplement? Always read the label of your prescription bottle for specific to that supplement, instructions. Both tablets and capsules should be taken whole; avoid crushing, if possible. That won’t be an option for every one. Individuals who have difficulty swallowing tablets may have that as an obstacle to overcome, that is alright. Do what you normally would do. If your potassium is in liquid, granule, effervescent tablet or powder be certain to mix your potassium in water, before drinking. Drinking in cold water can help in masking unfriendly flavors, or including your favorite fruit juice to your glass helps make your potassium much easier on your taste buds. Whichever form your potassium supplement comes in, taking your dosage with a full glass of water or a combination with juice is what is most recommended.

Liquid Vitamins And Dr. Oz

Liquid vitamins and Dr Oz are a likely pair. Both are committed to giving you the best advice for living a healthy and energetic life. And with liquid vitamins and Dr Oz, you can be sure that their advice is reliable and not the latest fad.

Who is this Dr. Oz?

Mehmet Oz is a cardiac surgeon and the co-author of “You: On a Diet” as well as other helpful books geared toward improving the life of the patient. By using his medical background and combining advice from alternative therapies, people are seeing remarkable change in their lives. Liquid vitamins and Dr Oz are making their way into homes across the country, across the world.

Dr. Oz is trying to let people know that they do have a role to play in their own health often more so than their physicians do. He wants people to realize that we can change our health by making small changes in our life.

Why this connection?

Liquid vitamins and Dr Oz just make sense. With our fast paced lives, it’s become harder to get the nutrients that we need in our everyday diet. But by supplementing our diets with liquid vitamins, we can fill in those gaps that our stressful lives create.

And when we make sure that we’re getting our vitamins and minerals, our bodies can handle a lot more than they can when they’re running on empty. We have more energy and vitality and we can face our days head on.

To add even more benefits, liquid vitamins also includes antioxidants that allow the body to fend off the effects of pollution and free radicals in the air. These damaging elements in the air can cause cellular damage that often leads to cancer but this can be offset with Liquid vitamins and Dr Oz agrees.

What does this mean for you?

When you hear advice about liquid vitamins and Dr Oz agrees with the recommendation, you need to start listening. Liquid vitamins aren’t just the latest ‘fad’ to follow; they’re something that you need to get ready for the stress of the world around you.

Of course, you should also try to eat right and exercise, but if you don’t’ have the time (and many of us don’t), these liquid vitamins can help to protect you until you do find the time.

By giving you antioxidants, quality ingredients, and health benefits, liquid vitamins and Dr Oz all work together to make a healthier new you.

Copyright (c) 2007 Mark Molina

Vitamins and minerals – an essential part of a balanced diet

A health and balanced diet should always provide the necessary vitamins and minerals that someone requires. Despite this it seems that many people still take vitamin and mineral supplements to compensate for their diet, for anyone that does so it is important to note that taking these supplements on a long-term basis can have some damaging effects. There are of course some instances where individuals might need to take these supplements, for example pregnant women or those trying to conceive might be advised to take folic acid supplements, which help to reduce the risk of spina bifida. For people that do not get as much sun as they should due to environmental factors might benefit from vitamin D supplements, and children from six months to four years old can find that vitamins A, C, and D are beneficial during growth.

There are two main types of vitamins, water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins. As you would expect fat-soluble vitamins are typically found in fatty foods that contain animal fats such as butter and lard, dairy foods, vegetable oils, liver and oily fish. Fat-soluble vitamins are used in the body every day, however this does not mean that they need to be included in a daily diet. Your body will not require thee vitamins immediately, instead they are stored in the liver and fatty tissues for future use. Fat-soluble vitamins can be stored up and left until they are required but having too much of them can also be harmful. Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E and K.

Unlike fat-soluble vitamins water soluble vitamins are not stored in the body and therefore have to be replenished more frequently. An excess of water-soluble vitamins in the body is easily resolved as they are passed when urinating. Because their vitamins can be stored they are typically not harmful, although large amounts can still come with implications. These vitamins are found in foods such as fruit, vegetables and grains. They can be destroyed through exposure to air or heat, and can even be lost in water when cooking. The most effective technique for maintaining these vitamins when cooking is to simply steam or grill the foods rather than boiling them. Water-soluble vitamins include vitamins B, C and folic acid.

Minerals are also essential in a balanced diet, they allow us to build strong bones and teeth, control body fluids inside and outside cells, and turn food into energy. Minerals can be fluid in foods such as meat, bread, cereals, fruit, (especially if it’s dried), vegetables, nuts and various dairy products. Vital minerals include calcium and iron.

To find out more about vitamins and minerals contact your pharmacy direct.

Men Who Pop Too Many Vitamins Are Increasing Their Risk From Prostate Cancer

Many of us take vitamins on a regular basic and this is particularly true as we start to get a bit older. However, in the case of men, and particularly men with a family history of prostate cancer, they could be doing themselves more harm than good.

In a five year study carried out by the National Cancer Institute and involving nearly 300,000 men it was found that men who were regularly taking more than the recommended daily dose of one multi-vitamin tablet a day increased their risk from advanced prostate cancer by about thirty percent. In addition, the risk of death from advanced prostate cancer was doubled. The study also noted that there was an increased risk in a sub-group of men who also had a family history of prostate cancer or who also took selenium, beta-carotene and zinc supplements.

One important finding of this study was that there was no apparent increase in the overall rate of prostate cancer within the study group and so there is no suggestion that the excessive use of vitamins actually causes prostate cancer.

However, in the case of those members of the study group who were taking multi-vitamins in excessive quantities the risk of developing advanced prostate cancer was increased by nearly one-third and their risk of dying from advanced prostate cancer was doubled.

Vitamin and mineral supplements have been shown over many hundreds of years to have considerable health benefits and today a multi-million dollar industry has been established to meet our growing demand from an ever widening range of supplements. Indeed several, such as green tea extract (EGCG), have been developed specifically for men suffering from prostate problems. So does this study mean that we should stop taking supplements?

No. First, the study clearly shows that the problem only arises in men who exceed the normal daily dose of multi-vitamins and there is no evidence to suggest any risk as long as you keep your intake within recommended levels. Second, because the study looked only at multi-vitamins it is not possible at this point to say just which component (or components) causes the problem. At this point further study will clearly be necessary to isolate the true root of the problem.

On balance, if you need to supplement your diet with vitamins, then the benefits will almost certainly outweigh any risks. Just be careful and take no more than you need and which your doctor recommends.

Over-The-Counter vs Prescription Prenatal Vitamins

If you are trying to conceive, then taking prenatal vitamins one of the best choices you could ever make. Prenatal vitamins provide all required the nutrients for a healthy pregnancy.

An array of prenatal vitamins can be found in todays market. Some of these can be bought easily over-the-counter, whilst others will need a prescription from your doctor. Are you still wondering whether to go with prenatal supplements despite the fact that over-the-counter vitamins seem more promising? Read further to understand the difference between over-the-counter and prescription prenatal vitamins.

The main difference between the two is the amount of folic acid included. Folic acid is an important ingredient in prescription prenatal vitamins, as it plays a vital role in building healthy blood cells. Common ingredients are calcium, folic acid and iron. The prescription prenatal vitamins mostly contain 1,000 mcg Folic Acid, whereas over-the-counter prenatal vitamins contain Folic acid anywhere from 400 mcg to 800 mcg.

An informal comparison made on over-the-counter prenatal vitamins and prescribed prenatal vitamins concluded that although over-the-counter vitamins are high in almost all micronutrient levels, they are lower in folic acid and iron. In this case alone, it can be proved that prescribed supplements are far better than over-the-counter vitamins. Apart from being rich in folic acid, prescription prenatal vitamins also contain stool softeners. The stool softeners help relieve constipation. The prescription based prenatal vitamins usually contain a higher dosage of iron to help prevent iron deficiency during pregnancy. In most cases, neural tube defect occurs in babies during the first few weeks of the pregnancy period. To provide a pregnant woman with sufficient amounts of folic acid is important, as it helps to prevent neural tube defects. A daily dosage of folic acid of about 0.6 mg with upper intake of about 1.0 mg a day during pregnancy is usually recommended.

Yet another reason why most pregnant women prefer purchasing prescribed prenatal supplements is the FDA approved seal. As FDA approves prescribed prenatal supplements, they are certain to meet their standards. It means your body is going to meet its vitamin needs perfectly for definite. However, it is not the same with over-the-counter prenatal vitamins. Thus, it is advisable to consult your doctor before taking any sort of vitamin supplements. Make sure you have purchased the right supplement to healthy and to benefit from taking prenatal supplements. Chances are that the quality of ingredients in some prenatal supplements are compromised, thus making them useless. So, choosing the prenatal supplements that have high quality ingredient is important. Choose from over-the-counter prenatal vitamins and prescribed prenatal vitamins carefully. If you are trying to get pregnant then, make sure you supply your body with an adequate amount of vitamins and nutrients to stay in good health.